Menopause is defined as the cessation of menstruation if a period of one year has elapsed. The climacteric period includes the premenopausal and postmenopausal period. Menopause marks a woman’s transition from reproductive to non-reproductive age.
Hormonal changes take place, affecting all the systems of the woman’s body, as well as her psychology. The systems that are most affected are the circulatory and musculoskeletal systems, resulting in hot flashes and musculoskeletal pain that affect a woman’s quality of life. After the completion of laboratory and radiological examinations, hormone replacement therapy is performed, where it is deemed necessary, as well as treatment for the prevention and treatment of osteopenia and osteoporosis.